History of Mount Rushmore

KEY FACTS ABOUT MOUNT RUSHMORE

Content:

  • Fast Facts: Mount Rushmore
  • History of Mount Rushmore National Park
  • Why was each of the four presidents chosen?
  • dynamite sculpture
  • Design changes
  • Jefferson moved
  • Sculpture
  • Borglum facts
  • The origin of the name of the mountain

Mount Rushmore is located in the Black Hills of Keystone, South Dakota. A statue of four famous presidents — George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln — has been carved into the granite rock face over many decades. According to the National Park Service, about 3 million people visit the memorial each year.

Fast Facts: Mount Rushmore

Artist: Gutzon Borglum. He died seven months before he was finished. Lincoln’s son completed it.

Size: The height of the heads’ faces is 60 feet.

Material: granite rock face

History of Mount Rushmore National Park

Borglum met Robinson between 1924 and 1925. He was the one who identified Mount Rushmore as the ideal site for a large memorial. This was due to the height of the cliff above the surrounding area; Its composition is granite, which will be slow to erode; And being southeast facing, take advantage of the sunrise every day. Robinson worked with John Boland, President Calvin Coolidge, Representative William Williamson, and Senator Peter Norbeck for support in Congress and funding going forward.

Congress agreed to match up to $250,000 in funding for the project and established the Mount Rushmore National Memorial Committee. Work began, and by 1933 the Mount Rushmore project became part of the National Park Service. Borglum did not like that NPS supervised the construction. However, he continued to work on the project until his death in 1941. The monument was deemed complete and ready for assignment on October 31, 1941. The final cost was nearly $1 million.

Why was each of the four presidents chosen?

  • George Washington: He was the first president and represented the foundation of American democracy.
  • Thomas Jefferson: With the Louisiana Purchase, he greatly expanded the nation. He was also the author of the Declaration of Independence, which had a huge impact.
  • Theodore Roosevelt: He represented not only the industrial development of the nation but also his conservation efforts.
  • Abraham Lincoln: As president during the American Civil War, he represented preserving the nation above all costs.

Dynamite sculpture

Design changes

Entablature

Hall of Records

Overheads

Jefferson moved

Sculpture

Borglum facts

art background

rocky mountain

windy boss

When he was on site, he was known for his mood swings and was constantly firing and rehiring people. His energy for the project and his perseverance, through many years of trials and issues with financing, eventually led to the project being completed. Unfortunately, he died seven months before completion. His son completed it.

The origin of the name of the mountain

View Article Sources

  1. “Mount Rushmore National Monument (US National Park Service)”. National Park Service, US Department of the Interior.
  2. “Memorial History.” National Park Service, US Department of the Interior.
  3. “Mount Rushmore Student’s Guide.” National Park Service, US Department of the Interior.
  4. “Sculpting History.” National Park Service, US Department of the Interior.

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