Famous women in history
Learn about the 19 most important women who contributed to changing the world
Famous women in history! Marie Curie is the first person to win the Nobel Prize twice, for her research on radioactivity and its role in the treatment of cancer, as well as for developing the uses of X-rays in surgery.
More than a hundred years later, she was voted as the most important woman in the world, in a BBC History Magazine historical poll about the most important women who changed the world, past and present.
Marie Curie topped the poll as the most important, outperforming women such as Margaret Thatcher, Emmeline Pankhurst, and others in human history.
Famous women in history “The survey has highlighted some truly extraordinary women from history, many of whose accomplishments and talents have been overlooked in their private lives,” said Charlotte Hodgman, deputy editor-in-chief of BBC Magazine.
The list was as follows:
1- Marie Curie (1867 -1934), a Polish-born physicist and chemist who later acquired French citizenship. She is the first woman to be awarded a Nobel Prize, and she is the only one to have received two Nobel Prizes in two different fields.
2- Rosa Parks — African American (1913–2005), a civil rights activist for African Americans, who became famous when she refused to give up her seat on a public bus to a white person, disobeying the orders of the bus driver in the 1960s. (Famous women in history)
3-Emmeline Pankhurst (1858–1928) British political activist and leader of the British movement known as Suffragette, which helped women gain the right to vote in 1918.
4- Ada Lovelace (1815–1852), the daughter of the poet Lord Byron, was a mathematician and the first computer programmer in history before the emergence of computers in their modern form, where she developed programs for Charles Babbage’s analytical machine. It laid down the basic rules for modern programming languages and was honored by giving its name to the Ada language.
5- Rosalind Franklin (1920–1958), a British-born biophysicist and expert in radiography, had an important role in understanding the structure and shape of DNA, viruses, coal, and graphite.
6- Margaret Thatcher (1925–2013), British politician, the first woman to hold the position of Prime Minister in the history of Great Britain, and her reign is the longest. More recently, she has become one of the most important and influential figures in the history of the United Kingdom.
7- Angela Burdt Coates (1814–1906), one of the most prominent pioneers of philanthropy in the Victorian era in Britain. She was the richest woman in England at her time, after she inherited about 1.8 million pounds sterling from her grandfather at the time (equivalent to today 150 million). She spent most of her fortune on charitable work, including scholarships, education, and establishing a home for young women who are out of society. (Famous women in history)
8- Mary Wollstonecraft (1759–1797), an eighteenth-century British writer, philosopher, and feminist. During her short career, she wrote novels, theses, and travel stories, as well as on the history of the French Revolution, rules of conduct, and children’s literature.
9- Florence Nightingale (1820–1910), known as the “Lady of the Lamp” or “The Lady with the Lamp”. She was famous as a nurse during the Crimean War between 1854 and 1856, and she is the pioneer of modern nursing.
10-Mary Stupes (1880–1958), a British writer best known for her campaigning on issues of birth control and women’s rights, made major contributions to paleontology and the classification of coal and was the first academic at Manchester University College. Her sex guide, “Love of Married People”, which she wrote in 1918, sparked much controversy.
11- Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122–1204), Queen of France, then Queen of England, mother of Richard I of England and John of England, and married Louis VII of France and then Henry II of England. She was considered the richest, most famous, and most powerful woman in Western Europe during the Middle Ages, and was best known for her patronage of literary figures such as the historian Robert Wass.
12- Jane Austen (1775–1817) was an English novelist, best known for her six major novels that criticize and comment on the life of the British landowning class at the end of the eighteenth century. Her most successful novel during her lifetime is Pride and Prejudice, which is her second published novel.
13- Boudica or Budikia (30–61 AD), she was a queen of the British Celtic Ekini tribe and led an uprising against the forces of the Roman Empire in the year 60 or 61 AD, and she died shortly after the failure of her revolution.
14- Diana, Princess of Wales (1961–1997), was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, the eldest son and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II. She was known for her charitable work in AIDS, leprosy, cancer, and fighting landmines.
15- Amelia Earhart (1897–1937), a writer and a distinguished pioneer in American aviation. She was called the Queen of Aviation and set records in it. She made solo flights across the Atlantic and gave advice and advice in this field. She wrote about aviation as a high-seller. She died in a crash. A plane in a still-mystery accident over the Pacific Ocean as it attempts to orbit the Earth.
16- Queen Victoria (1819–1901), Queen of the United Kingdom, Great Britain, and Ireland from June 20, 1837, until her death, and on May 1, 1876, the title of Empress of India was added to her.
17- Josephine Butler (1828 -1906), a British social worker and feminist activist who contributed to the abolition of discrimination against women in England. She also fought for the British government to issue laws prohibiting the white slave trade, and demanded higher education for women.
18- Mary Secule (1805–1881), a Jamaican-born nurse of Scottish and Creole descent who established a field hospital behind the lines during the Crimean War to treat the war-wounded.
19- Mother Teresa (1910–1997), or Saint Teresa of Calcutta, is an Albanian-Indian nun, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979. She died in Calcutta on September 5, 1997, from a terminal illness. She was famous for her charitable work in the fight against disease, caring for the homeless, among others.