Difference between quarantine and isolation?

What is the difference between quarantine and isolation?

Difference between quarantine and isolation? Preventing the spread of the coronavirus is a key factor in slowing the epidemic. People who have symptoms or who are suspected of having been exposed to the virus should self-quarantine or self-isolate.

Difference between quarantine and isolation? These terms are different, and people should know which is the best option for their conditions, says Dr. Clayton T. Cowell, MD, a pulmonologist and chief of preventive and occupational medicine at Mayo Clinic.

Cowell explains: “The terms quarantine and self-isolation refer to the act of separating someone from others. But the terms are actually different, where quarantine is used for someone who has no symptoms, while isolation is used when someone is confirmed to have the disease. Isolation is usually Stricter than quarantine.


Dr. Cowell explains: “Quarantine occurs when we take a completely asymptomatic person away from others, and usually, there is a reason why we do this. Put simply, quarantine is implemented when traveling to an area with a high prevalence of a disease or condition.”

Dr. Cowell says quarantine is also appropriate for someone who has been close to someone who has tested positive for the disease.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention notes that people should remain in quarantine for 14 days from the time of exposure, or if they have traveled to geographic areas with a large number of “Covid-19” cases.

While they are in quarantine, Dr. Cowell suggests that people take measures that include:

Stay at least 6 feet (1.8 meters) away from other people in the home.

- If possible, stay in a separate room.

Wash hands regularly with soap and water. If this is not possible, use a hand sanitizer or sanitizing wipes.

Wash surfaces regularly at home.

-Avoid touching your face.

Monitor daily for symptoms such as fever, cough, and shortness of breath.

If symptoms develop, contact your health care provider or local hospital to see if you should be tested for COVID-19.


Quarantine is different from self-isolation, in that isolation is a way of isolating someone who is positive for the disease from healthy people. If you are in isolation at home, you should be as far from your family members as possible,” says Dr. Cowell.

Isolation restricts the movement of a person infected with an infectious disease to limit the spread of the virus, and isolation can occur at home, inside a hospital, or a health care institution, according to the patient’s health status.

Dr. Cowell added: “Sometimes, you may not have another room to stay home alone, but if possible, stay out of the 6-foot (1.8 m) loop. Don’t breathe in their face. And if you’re married, You should not sleep with your partner in the same bed and room during the isolation period until the end of this period.”

He continued, “Remember that the virus is spread by droplets, so if you wash your hands before entering and after going out, this will likely reduce most of the chance of spreading the virus.”

During isolation, Dr. Cowell suggests people take measures that include:

- Stay in a separate room. If this is not possible, maintain a distance of at least 6 feet (1.8 meters) from others.

Wear a mask when you are in the same room with others.

Wear a mask when someone brings food or other necessities.

Wash your hands after handling others. Use soap and water. If this is not possible, use hand sanitizer or antiseptic wipes.

Wipe down surfaces such as door handles, cell phones, work surfaces, and other places that have been touched.



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